Parents may first note ASD behaviours in young children. Some behaviours may be recognised only at the school-going age. Not all individuals with ASD exhibit these behaviours, but most will display several symptoms. The two main domains of behaviours are characterised as "deficits in social communication and interaction" and "restricted/ repetitive behaviours".
Social communication / interaction behaviours may include:
Restrictive / repetitive behaviors may include:
Individuals with ASD may also experience sensory processing difficulties, such as, being overly sensitive to light, movement, loud noises, textures of clothing, and/or temperature. They may also have sleep and/or digestive problems, and sensitive temperaments.
Despite their challenges, individuals with ASD also have many strengths and abilities.
Symptoms manifest differently and vary in individuals. Hence, treatment plans need to be tailored to suit the individual’s and their family’s needs. In general, individuals with ASD respond well to the following treatment: