Examples of these conditions include
1. Esophageal atresia and Tracheo-esophageal fistula
There is no proper connection of the feeding tube (esophagus) to the stomach, and an abnormal connection exists between the trachea (wind pipe) and the esophagus.
2. Anorectal malformation
The opening of the rectum is absent (imperforate anus) or the anus opening is at an abnormal position. This malformation is sometimes associated with malformations of the heart, limbs, and spine.
3. Urinary tract obstruction
The presence of a posterior urethral valve in male infants obstruct urine flow out of the bladder and may predispose to urinary tract infection and kidney damage if not treated.
4. Branchial cyst
There is a swelling on the side of the neck filled with fluid, which large enough may cause difficulty in breathing.