Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreatitis has 2 forms: acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis last for a short while and usually resolves when the pancreas recovers to its normal state.
Pancreatitis occurs when digestive enzymes becomes active in the pancreas and start to “digest” the pancreas. Alcoholism and gallstones are the 2 common causes of pancreatitis.
There are also few others causes:
Treatment for various underlying causes include: procedures to remove bile duct obstructions, gallbladder surgery, pancreas surgery and treatment for alcohol dependence. Patients may need to fast if they undergo any imaging or interventional procedures.
Hospitalisation is usually required, and pain medications and intravenous (IV) fluids may be prescribed.