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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), commonly known as prostate enlargement, is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. This condition commonly affects elderly males, with about 40% of men over 60 experiencing BPH. The risk increases with age. The exact cause of BPH is not fully understood, but it may relate to changes in sex hormone balances as men age. This growth can eventually lead to urinary flow obstruction.

Normal to BPH comparison
Normal to BPH comparison

How do I know if I have BPH?

BPH may present with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including:

  • Weakened urinary stream
  • Difficulty initiating urination
  • Intermittent urinary flow
  • Straining to urinate
  • Urinary urgency
  • Increased frequency of urination, including nocturia (nighttime urination)
  • Sensation of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Post-void dribbling

It is important to note that these symptoms can also result from other conditions, such as urinary stones, infections, overactive bladder, or prostate/bladder cancer. If you experience any of these symptoms, consult a doctor for further assessment.

How is BPH diagnosed?

Diagnosis typically involves: 

  • Digital Rectal Examination (DRE): The doctor assesses the prostate size and checks for irregularities via the rectum
  • Bedside ultrasound scan: To estimate prostate size
  • Urine sample: To rule out infection
  • Uroflowmetry: To evaluate urine flow
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test: To check PSA antigen levels, aiding in distinguishing BPH from prostate cancer
What are the services and treatments available for BPH?
Click here for detailed information on available treatments and services. 
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