Ignore such calls. We do NOT use automated voice calls or messages. If you receive such a call and are concerned, contact us at 69082222 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Kidney stones (also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis) are small, hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that form inside the kidneys. This is a common condition that affects approximately 20% of the population.
Kidney stones form when the components of urine (fluid and various minerals and acids) are out of balance. Some examples of common types of stones include calcium, struvite, uric acid, and cystine. When urine is more concentrated (e.g. not drinking enough fluids), these minerals and acids crystallize and eventually grow bigger to become a kidney stone. Other less common causes include inherited metabolic disorders, kidney diseases, gout, inflammatory bowel disease, and certain drugs.
However, it is common for kidney stones to have no definite single cause. A number of factors, often in combination, create the ideal condition for kidney stones to develop in susceptible people.
Kidney stones are usually passed out with your urine – small stones may pass out without you realising, but bigger stones can be quite painful. Occasionally, they can get stuck along the way, which may cause you to experience some symptoms such as:
In many instances, kidney stones may be discovered incidentally, as they often go unnoticed until they cause acute symptoms such as pain or blood in the urine.
If your doctor suspects you have kidney stones, he or she is likely to arrange for an imaging study. An abdominal X-ray can visualise most kidney stones and judge the changes in the size and location of a stone over time. You may also have one or more of the following imaging tests:
Various options are available for kidney stones that require treatment, depending on the stone type, size, and location.
Smaller stones may be treated conservatively by increasing fluid intake to help with the stone passing out by itself. Stones that remain in your body despite hydration, are too large to pass on their own, or cause bleeding, kidney damage or on-going urinary tract infections, may require more invasive procedures. This includes Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), Ureteroscopy and Laser Lithotripsy, and Percutaneous Nephrolithonomy (PCNL). Your doctor will assess and discuss with you the most suitable approach for the treatment of your stone.
We also have a Stone Prevention Clinic Service, helmed by our renal physicians, for a holistic management of complex, recurrent, or metabolic stone diseases.