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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Surgical

What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is the backflow if gastric acid and contents from the stomach into the oesophagus. This gastric acid can irritate and cause damage to the lining of the oesophagus.

Signs & symptoms

Heartburn: an uncomfortable burning sensation behind the breastbone which usually occurs after a meal. It is regurgitation of gastric contents into the mouth. 

Occasionally, some patients will have chronic cough, asthma, and hoarseness of voice.

In severe cases, GERD may cause narrowing of oesophagus (gullet) and it may even lead to cancer.

Diagnosis and treatment options

‚ÄčTest and diagnosis

  • History and physical examination
  • Endoscopy
  • 24-hr pH study


Treatment can include medication, change of lifestyle and diet, or laparoscopic fundoplication surgery if other treatments have failed.
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