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Brain Injury (Newborn)

Signs & Symptoms

Infants suffering from brain injury may exhibit compromised breathing and as a result, require ventilatory support. The lack of oxygen can also impact the functionality of other organs. Some babies may experience seizures.

What causes it

Brain injury in infants can occur either before birth or during the birth process, primarily due to an inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the brain. This insufficiency can also affect other organs in the body.

About the condition

Brain injuries in infants are categorised into three stages (Stages 1 to 3). Infants in Stage 1 injuries generally recover well independently, with no long-term effects. Babies with stage 2 or 3 injuries have a higher risk of mortality or may develop severe neurological complications. 

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Infants at potential risk of brain injury receive immediate attention from our specialists at birth. If necessary, these infants will be resuscitated immediately after birth and then transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for monitoring and supportive care.

In the NICU, we utilise advanced devices to continuously monitor brain wave patterns, aiding in assessing the injury's severity and the presence of seizures. Specialised imaging techniques, including MRI, are employed to precisely determine the extent of the brain injury.

Treatment involving body cooling is also available. This mode of treatment has been proven to mitigate the effects of brain injury in severely affected infants.

Post-discharge, our specialists provide comprehensive follow-up on the infants' growth and neurological development.

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