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Bowing of the Knee (Genu Varum)

What is Bowing of the Knee?

It is a physical impairment characterized by an outward curvature of the knees.

What causes Bowing of the Knee?
  • Physiological: Common under the age of 2 years.
  • Abnormal: More prevalent above the age of 2 years.
  • Rickets, Blount's disease (growth plate dysfunction at inner aspect of knee), or previous infection or injury may be the cause.
What are the symptoms?
  • A large gap between the knees when standing with the feet together.
  • One or both knees may be affected.
  • Untreated knees may worsen over time.
Treatment options
  • X-ray imaging can assess the condition's severity.
  • Surgical options include temporary tethering of the knee's normal outer growth plate in young children or permanent tethering in older children.
  • For older adolescents, bone cutting may be necessary for realignment.

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