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Schizophrenia

2024/05/31
What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that affects one's perception of reality. It includes one or more of the following symptoms:

  • A reduced level of social functioning
  • Blunted or inappropriate affect
  • Changes in perception due to hallucination
  • Changes in thinking due to delusion
  • Cognitive function might be affected in the early stage
Symptoms

‚ÄčSymptoms of schizophrenia include delusion, hallucination, disorganised thoughts and/or speech, reduced motivation and/or taking initiative-taking compared to baseline state. There may be a gross reduction in spontaneity, speech and engagement combined with a loss of interest and/or reduced pleasure in normally enjoyable activities.

Treatment

The treatment of schizophrenia includes use of medications.

Blood investigations and brain scans are sometimes performed to exclude any medical conditions that might be affecting the brain.

Hospitalisation might be necessary for patients who are at risk of harm to themselves or others, or for close monitoring and treatment.

Rehabilitation of the condition includes referral to community rehabilitation services. 
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