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Mouth and Throat Cancers (Head and Neck)

Signs & Symptoms

These cancers often manifest as ulcers, pain or lumps in the mouth of throat, or as difficulties with swallowing or vocal function. Some patients may experience ear pain, which can occur due to the shared nerve pathways of the throat and ear.

What causes it

Mouth and throat cancers are commonly linked to tobacco use and excessive alcohol intake.

About the condition

This category encompasses cancers affecting the mucosal linings of the oral and pharyngeal passages, including areas such as the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, tonsil, mandible, maxilla, larynx and pharynx. The predominant type of these cancers is squamous cell carcinoma, which behaves differently from Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC).

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Many patients present with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, which often indicates that the cancer is at an advanced stage.

The treatment modalities include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on the location and stage of the tumour site, the individual's overall health status and the objective of preserving vital functions, such as speech and swallowing.

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National University Health System
  • National University Hospital
  • Ng Teng Fong General Hospital
  • Alexandra Hospital
  • Jurong Community Hospital
  • National University Polyclinics
  • Jurong Medical Centre
  • National University Cancer Institute, Singapore
  • National University Heart Centre, Singapore
  • National University Centre for Oral Health, Singapore
  • NUHS Diagnostics
  • NUHS Pharmacy
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health
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