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What is Gynacomastia

Gynaecomastia is the enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast. Newborns, boys going through puberty and middle-aged to older men are more prone to developing gynaecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormonal levels. Gynaecomastia is not a serious medical condition and may dissipate on its own.

Causes of the condition

This condition results from an imbalance of hormone levels in which there is a decrease in the amount of testosterone compared with oestrogen (female hormones). This could be cause by side effects of certain medications, natural hormone changes and certain medical conditions.

Signs & symptoms
  • Breast tenderness and or sensitivity
  • Swollen breast gland tissues
Diagnosis and treatment options

‚ÄčTest and diagnosis

  • Medical history investigation
  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Mammogram


Most gynaecomastia cases will recover gradually over time without treatment. However, if gynaecomastia is a result of the side effects of certain medications, the doctor may recommend stopping or substituting the medication. 

Surgery is seldom needed; however, please consult your doctor if you are concerned.

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