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Brain Tumour

What is a Brain Tumour

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain, which can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Benign brain tumours do not contain cancer cells. Usually the tumour can be removed and it seldom grows back. The benign tumour cells do not invade tissues around them or spread to other parts of the body. However, a benign brain tumour can press on sensitive areas of the brain and cause serious health problems. The tumour can be life threatening.

Malignant brain tumours contain cancer cells and are generally more serious than benign brain tumour. These  tumours are often more life threatening. The malignant tumour cells are likely to grow rapidly and invade the surrounding brain tissues.

Causes of the condition

The exact cause of brain tumour remains unknown.

Signs & symptoms
  • Headaches
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Difficult with balance
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Personality or behaviour changes
  • Hearing problems
  • Speech difficulties
  • Vision problems
Diagnosis and treatment options


  • ​Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Neurological examination
  • Tests to trace cancer in other parts of body
  • Collecting and testing a sample of abnormal tissue (biopsy)


  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
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