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A/Prof Ti Lian Kah

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  • Senior Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, National University Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore


M.B.B.S (Singapore), MMed (Anaesthesia, Singapore) , FAMS



Special Interests:

Cardiac anaesthesia and outcomes after cardiac surgery, Echocardiography, Teaching pedagogy and simulation, Sedation

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A/Prof Ti is a Senior Consultant and Director of Cardiac Anaesthesia with the Department of Anaesthesia, NUH. A tenured Associate Professor in the NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine's Department of Anaesthesia, he is currently the department's Academic Head and Director of Research. 

A/Prof Ti graduated from the National University of Singapore; and completed his fellowship training in Cardiac Anaesthesia at Duke University Medical Center in the United States, and is credentialed in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography.

His research interests are in outcomes after cardiac anaesthesia and surgery; conduct of anaesthesia; transesophageal echocardiography; and medical education.

A/Prof Ti has published more than 50 research papers in peer-reviewed journals.  He actively mentors medical students and residents in research, and together with his mentees have won several abstract awards in international conferences. 

A/Prof Ti is currently the President of the College of Anaesthesiologists Singapore, a professional body that represents the interests of the specialty of Anaesthesiology in the Academy of Medicine, Singapore.

Journals & Publications

  1. Chen FG, Ti LK, Dong C. Call for a systematic approach to teaching trauma in medical schools. Med Teach. 2016 Jan; 38(1): 101. Epub 2015 Jun 2.
  2. Roderica Rui Ge Ng, Aung Myat Oo, Weiling Liu, Teing Ee Tan, Lian Kah Ti, Sophia Tsong Huey Chew. Changing glucose control target and risk of surgical site infection in a Southeast Asian population. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jan;149(1):323-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.08.076. Epub 2014 Sep 17.
  3. Thang D Vu , Shripad N Pal, Lian Kah Ti, Eliana C Martinez, Rufaihah A Jalil, Lieng H Ling, Chuen-Neng Lee, Mark A Richards, Theodoros Kofidis. An autologous platelet-rich plasma hydrogel compound restores left ventricular structure, function and ameliorates adverse remodeling in a minimally invasive large animal myocardial restoration model: a translational approach: Vu and Pal "Myocardial Repair: PRP, Hydrogel and Supplements". Biomaterials. 2015 Mar;45:27-35.
  4. Chew S, Ng R, Liu W, Goh SG, Caleb MG, Ti LK. Miniaturized versus conventional cardiopulmonary bypass and acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. Perfusion. 2015 Apr 24.
  5. Kofidis T, Duc Vu T, Pal SN, Vaibavi SR, Chang G, Chua YC, Ti LK, Lee CN. Feasibility of transapical cardioscopic surgery in a pig model. J Card Surg. 2015 Apr;30(4):355-9. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12419. Epub 2014 Aug 7.
  6. Fang Ming Lim, Andi S. Putra, Jo Ern Yeoh, Laird A Winata, Kok Kiong Tan, Sophia TH Chew, Lian Kah Ti. Development of an Automatic Blood Aspiration Device for Periodic Measurement of Blood Glucose Level. J Med Devices 2015 Jun; 9(2). Doi: 10.1115/1.4030143.
  7. Eric S.H. Lee, Usha Narasimhan, Theodoros Kofidis, Lian Kah Ti. Difficulties With the Use of Thromboelastometry in a Patient With Antiphospholipid Syndrome Undergoing Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015 Aug;29(4):1016-20. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.02.006. Epub 2014 Sep 10.
  8. Saito T, Liu W, Chew ST, Ti LK. Incidence of and risk factors for difficult ventilation via a supraglottic airway device in a population of 14 480 patients from South-East Asia. Anaesthesia. 2015 Sep;70(9):1079-83. doi: 10.1111/anae.13153. Epub 2015 Jun 6.
  9. Rui Ge Ng, Sophia Tsong Huey Chew, Weiling Liu, Peng-Guan Ong, Michael George Caleb, Lian Kah Ti. The inflammatory response between miniaturised and conventional cardiopulmonary bypass after cardiac surgery in an Asian population. Perfusion. 2015 Sep;30(6):487-94. Epub 2014 Dec 11.
  10. Sim Ming Ann, Liu Weiling, Ng Roderica RG, Ti Lian Kah, Chew Sophia TH. Wider Perioperative Glycemic Fluctuations Increase Risk of Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study. Medicine. 2015 November, 94(44): e1953.
  11. Chang G, Lim RT, Vu TD, Kofidis T, Ti LK. Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Exicion of a Myocardial Pseudoaneurysm. Anesth Analg. 2015 Dec;121(6):1464-6.
  12. Tze Yeng Yeoh, Elizabeth Ng, Agasthian T, Lian Kah Ti. Lung injury from use of a suction catheter via the double lumen tube. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2015 Dec; 29 (6): 1619-20. Epub: 2014 December 19.
  13. Guohao Chang, Vu duc Thang, Kristine Leok Kheng Teoh, Lian Kah Ti, Theodoros Kofidis. "Sutureless aortic valve implantation: first experience in Asia." Singapore Medical Journal. 2014; 55(11): 1-3.
  14. Harish Mithiran, Jai Sule, Faizus Sazzad, Yilin Ong, Lian Kah Ti and Theo Kofidis. "Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery atrial clipping for atrial fibrillation." Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals. 2014 December 11. PMID: 25504982.
  15. Rex J. Morais, Ashokka Balakrishnan, Siau Chiang, and Ti Lian Kah. "Simulation of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Management: An Approach to Resident Training." Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2014 Oct; 28(5):1387-1392. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.05.026.
  16. Rui Ge Ng, Sophia Tsong Huey Chew, Weiling Liu, Lian Kah Ti. " Persistent kidney injury at hospital discharge after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with normal preoperative serum creatinine and normal estimated glomerular filtration rate." Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2014 Sep 25. pii: S1053-0770(14)00201-8. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.05.007.
  17. Wong, Y.-L.; Lim, D.; Ti, L. K. " Singapore SPICE: a prospective observational longitudinal cohort study of Sedation Practices in Intensive Care units in Singapore: 12AP1-1." European Journal of Anaesthesiology. June 2014; 31:196.
  18. Roderica Rui Ge Ng, Sophia Tsong Huey Chew, Weiling Liu, Liang Shen, Lian Kah Ti "Identification of modifiable risk factors for acute kidney injury after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in an Asian population." The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.  April 2014, 1356-1361.
  19. Hsien Jer Lim, Hanjing Lee, Lian Kah Ti "An audit of preoperative fasting compliance at a major tertiary referral hospital in Singapore." Singapore Medical Journal. 2014 Jan;55(1):18-23.
  20. Sophia Tsong Huey Chew, Lian Kah Ti "Ethnicity and acute kidney injury: the correct definition of acute kidney injury?" British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2014 Jan; 112(1):177. doi: 10.1093/bja/aet453.
  21. Chew ST, Mar WM, Ti LK "Association of ethnicity and acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery in a South East Asian population."Br J Anaesth. 2013 Mar;110(3):397-401. Epub 2012 Nov 20. PubMed PMID: 23171723.
  22. Fan TW, Ti LK, Islam I. "Comparison of dexmedetomidine and midazolam for conscious sedation in dental surgery monitored by bispectral index." Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013 Jul;51(5):428-33. Epub 2012 Oct 8. PubMed PMID: 23058230.
  23. Leung GK, Ang SB, Lau TC, Neo HJ, Patil NG, Ti LK. "Patient safety culture among medical students in Singapore and Hong Kong." Singapore Med J. 2013 Sep; 54(9):501-5. PubMed PMID: 24068058.
  24. Ti LK, Ang SB, Saw S, Sethi SK, Yip JW "Innovative strategy for effective critical laboratory result management: end-to-end process using automation and manual call centre." BMJ Qual Saf 2012; 21:657-662.
  25. Thanaporn L, Ti LK, Shivani M, Lye ST, Tan SA, Shen L, Kang DSC. "Anatomical variations of the internal jugular vein:  implications for successful cannulation and risk of carotid artery puncture." Singapore Med J 2012; 53(5): 325-328.
  26. Vu DT, Ti LK, Ong LC, Neo PH, Lee CN, Kofidis T. "Novel sutureless mitral valve implantation method involving a bayonet insertion and release mechanism: a proof of concept study in pigs." J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 143:985-988.
  27. Thain S, Ang SB, Ti LK, “Medical students’ preferred style of learning patient safety.”  BMJ Quality and Safety 2011;20:201.
  28. LK Ti, EFG Chen, GM Tan, WT Tan, JMJ TAN, L SHEN and RWL Goy, "Experiential learning improves the learning and retention of endotracheal intubation." Medical Education 2009 Jul; 43(7): 654-660. (United Kingdom).
  29. LK Ti, BL Goh, PS Wong, P Ong, SG Goh and CN Lee, "Comparison of Mini-Cardiopulmonary Bypass System with Air-Purge Device to Conventional Bypass System."  The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2008 Mar; 85(3): 994-1001. (United States).
  30. GM Tan, LK Ti, KH Tan and TL Lee, "A comparison of screen-based simulation and conventional lectures for undergraduate teaching of crisis management."  Anaesthesia And Intensive Care 2008 Jul; 36(4): 565-9. (United States).
  31. Lian-Kah Ti, Gee-Mei Tan, Sabrina Gwendolyn MY Khoo, Fun-Gee Chen, " The impact of experiential learning on NUS medical students: our experience with task trainers and human-patient simulation." Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2006 Sep;35(9):619-23.
  32. JP Mathew, HP Grocott, J R McCurdy, LK Ti, RD Davis, DT Laskowitz, MV Podgoreanu, M Swaminathan, J Lynch, M Stafford-Smith, WD White and MF Newman, "Preoperative statin therapy does not reduce cognitive dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass."  Journal Of Cardiothoracic And Vascular Anesthesia 2005 Jun; 19(3): 294-9. (United States).
  33. Suditi Muttu, Eugene H.C. Liu, Sophia B.L. Ang, Paul T.K. Chew, Tat-Leang Lee, Lian K. Ti, " Comparison of dexmedetomidine and midazolam sedation for cataract surgery under topical anesthesia."  Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery 2005 Sep; 31(9): 1845-46.

Professional Memberships

  • President, College of Anaesthesiologists Singapore

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