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Dissociative Disorders

2024/05/20
What are Dissociative Disorders?

‚ÄčDissociative disorders are conditions that involve involuntary escape from reality and are often associated with disruptions/ breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity, or perception.

There are different types of dissociative disorders, including:

  • Dissociative identity disorder – Disruption of identity, resulting in two or more distinct personality states.
  • Dissociative amnesia – An inability to recall important autobiographical information, usually of a traumatic nature
  • Depersonalisation/Derealisation disorder – Experiences of unreality and detachment with respect to one's thoughts, feelings, sensations, body, or actions (depersonalisation) or surroundings (derealisation).
Symptoms

‚ÄčIn general, symptoms of dissociative disorders include:

  • Significant memory loss of specific times, people, and events (dissociative amnesia)
  • Out-of-body experiences
  • A sense of detachment from one's emotions (depersonalisation/ derealisation disorder)
  • A lack of sense of self-identity
Treatment
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy to develop skills to better manage stressful situations and symptoms
  • Stress reduction and distraction techniques
  • Physiotherapy or occupational therapy to help to improve one's ability to function (for conversion disorder)
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