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University Surgical Cluster

Common Conditions:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Breast Surgery

Kidney Stones

Colon Cancer


Erectile Dysfunction

Prostate Cancer

Face Lift

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery


Urinary Incontinence

Prostate Cancer



About the condition

Prostate cancer usually doesn't produce any noticeable symptoms in its early stages. For most men, prostate cancer is first detected during a routine screening such as a rise prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the test or an abnormality found on digital rectal exam (DRE).


Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly. However, when signs and symptoms do occur, they depend on how advanced the cancer is and how far the cancer has spread.


Causes of the condition

Causes of prostate cancer and why some types behave differently are unknown. We do know that there is an increased risk should immediate family members have prostate cancer.


Signs & symptoms

  • Trouble urinating
  • Starting and stopping while urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in your urine
  • Blood in your semen
  • Swelling in your legs
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area


One may experience the following if advanced prostate cancer spreads to the bones:

  • Bone pain that doesn't go away
  • Bone fractures
  • Compression of the spine


Diagnosis and treatment options

There is more than one way to treat prostate cancer. This includes:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Chemotherapy

The treatment that is best for each man depends on several factors such as how fast the cancer is growing, how much it has spread, age, life expectancy, as well as the benefits and the potential side effects of the treatment. For some men, a combination of treatments may be appropriate.



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