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University Surgical Cluster

Common Conditions:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Breast Surgery

Kidney Stones

Colon Cancer


Erectile Dysfunction

Prostate Cancer

Face Lift

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery


Urinary Incontinence

Pancreatic Cancer



About the condition

Pancreatic cancer is a cancer that begins in the tissues of pancreas. The two types of pancreatic cancer are adenocarcinoma (cancer that forms in the pancreas ducts) and endocrine cancer (cancer that forms in the hormone-producing cells).


Causes of the condition

The cancer occurs when cells in the pancreas develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and to continue living after normal cells would die. These accumulations of cells can form a tumour.


Signs & symptoms

Signs and symptoms often do not occur until the disease is advanced.

  • Upper abdominal pain that may radiate to your back
  • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Depression


Diagnosis and treatment options

Test and diagnosis

No standard screening exists for pancreatic cancer.

  • Ultrasound
  • Computerised tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
  • Percutanenous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)
  • Biopsy


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