Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
About the condition
It is the backflow if gastric acid and contents from the stomach into the oesophagus. This gastric acid can irritate and cause damage to the oesophagus lining.
Signs & symptoms
Heartburn – an uncomfortable burning sensation behind the breastbone which usually occurs after a meal. It is regurgitation of gastric contents into the mouth. Occasionally, some patients will have chronic cough, asthma, and hoarseness of voices. In severe cases, GERD may cause narrowing of oesophagus (gullet) and it may lead to cancer.
Diagnosis and treatment options
Test and diagnosis
- History and physical examination
- 24-hr pH study
Medication, change of lifestyle and diet, laparoscopic fundoplication surgery when medication and dietary modification failed.