Eating Disorder in Adolescent
Eating disorders involve the presence of unhelpful eating habits or weight control behaviour that disrupts a person’s physical and psychosocial functioning. Serious medical complications, such as heart problems and even death, may result as a consequence.
The signs and symptoms of unhelpful eating habits include:
- Strict dietary rules
- Restrictive food intake
- Food preoccupation with food
- Altered mealtime behaviours
The signs and symptoms of unhelpful weight control behaviours include:
- Self-induced vomiting
- Misuse of laxatives or diuretics
- Excessive exercise
Persons with Anorexia Nervosa experience the following:
- Significant low body weight
- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, despite significant low weight.
- Evaluation of self’s body weight or shape as much larger or heavier that it is in reality.
- A lack of awareness of current low body weight.
- Restrictive food intake or/and excessive exercise.
- Binge eating or/and purging behaviours.
- Serious medical complications.
Persons with Bulimia Nervosa experience the following:
- A sense of losing control during the binge.
- Recurrent weight control behaviour to compensate for the binge.
- Frequent binge eating and compensatory behaviour (at least once a week for 3 months)
- Self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy to establish a pattern of regular eating, and target any unhelpful beliefs and expectations that may be maintaining or worsening the condition.
- Blood and other investigations might be performed to exclude physical complication secondary to the psychiatric condition
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