Kidney Transplant

Kidney failure

The kidneys act as the body’s waste disposal system, filtering waste from the blood and maintaining the ideal balance of water and electrolytes. The kidneys also produce important hormones that make red blood cells, regulate blood pressure and facilitates calcium absorption.


When the kidneys are unable to function properly – due to accident, diabetes, infection, high blood pressure, auto-immune disease – waste builds up, the water balance in the body is affected and you may feel weak, tired, nauseated and bloated. Left untreated, the kidneys can fail and toxins build-up to dangerous levels in the blood.


The only way to remove these wastes is through dialysis – where a machine acts as an artificial kidney. Unless a new donor kidney can be found, a patient has to undergo dialysis several times a week for the rest of his/her life. A kidney transplant can help a patient regain his/her health and lead a productive and fulfilling life.



The kidney transplant

A kidney transplant is a procedure where a patient receives a new donor kidney. In most cases the patient’s own kidneys are not removed (unless they are badly infected). This donor kidney is attached in the lower abdomen and will function just like a normal kidney and the patient can return to his/her normal life without dialysis.


A donor kidney can come from a deceased donor or from a living one. We all have two kidneys and a healthy individual only needs one kidney to live normally. In Singapore, living kidney donations can be done between relatives (e.g., spouses, siblings, parents, uncles, aunties, cousins, etc.) or even a stranger (altruistic donation). In deceased kidney donation, the organ is retrieved from organ donors under HOTA.


What to expect during your transplant journey.