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Department of Otolaryngology (ENT)
- Head & Neck Surgery

Common Conditions:

Allergic Rhinitis / Nasal Allergy


Ear (Otology) & Dizziness

Snoring & Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Head & Neck Cancers

Swallowing Problem

Hearing & Language

Thyroid Problem

Paediatric (Kids) ENT


Nasal Polyps


Mouth and Throat Cancers





Head and Senior Consultant


Senior Consultant



Sign & Symptoms

These cancers are presented as ulcers, pain or lumps in the above-mentioned sites, or dysfunction with swallowing or voice.


Occasionally, they can present with ear pain due to the same nerve supply of the throat and ear.



What causes it

These cancers are associated with smoking and alcohol consumption.



About the condition

This is a group of cancers which involve the lining of the swallowing and breathing passages. Specific cancer sites include the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, tonsil, mandible, maxilla, larynx and pharynx. The overwhelming majority are squamous cell carcinoma, which have a different behaviour when compared to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC).



Diagnosis and Treatment Options

A large proportion of patients present with lymph node enlargement in the neck suggesting that the cancer spread were detected at a late stage.


The treatment modalities include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. The role of each depends on the tumour site, stage, the individual's overall health, and the chance of function (speech and swallowing) preservation.