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Department of Otolaryngology (ENT)
- Head & Neck Surgery

Common Conditions:

Allergic Rhinitis / Nasal Allergy


Ear (Otology) & Dizziness

Snoring & Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Head & Neck Cancers

Swallowing Problem

Hearing & Language

Thyroid Problem

Paediatric (Kids) ENT


Nasal Polyps


Home > Patients & Visitors > Diseases & Conditions > Ear Conditions > Ear (Otology) & Dizziness

Ear (Otology) & Dizziness




Senior Consultant



Signs & Symptoms

The term "dizziness" can mean different things to different people. In general, it can be subdivided into vertigo, imbalance and lightheadedness.



What causes it

The presence of vertigo with nausea point to the inner ear as the likely cause of the problem. The three most common causes are Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, Acute Vestibulopathy and Meniere's.


Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is caused by loose otoliths floating in the wrong place of the inner ear. It can occur spontaneously, from head trauma or from inner ear infections. Typically, patients will experience short spells of vertigo with head position change.


Acute Vestibulopathy

Acute vestibulopathy is thought to be caused by a viral attack on the balance nerve. It occurs suddenly with severe spinning and nausea lasting from hours to days. It may take several days to resolve the dizziness.



Meniere's disease is a inner ear problem due to a swollen endolymphatic system. It presents with tinnitus, hearing loss and vertigo together. Typically, there may have been previous attacks as the natural history is that the attacks are intermittant.


About the condition

Dizziness is a common symptom that can be caused by many conditions. Often, it may be related to diseases of the inner ear.



Diagnosis and Treatment options

Our clinic provides otologic examination and management.


Medical and surgical ear infection treatments
- Ossiculoplasty
- Stapedotomy
- Cochlear implant surgery
- Labyrinthectomy and endolymphatic sac decompression
- Lateral skull base surgery
- Dizziness assessment
- Vestibular management
- Facial nerve management