Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a disease where the large intestine or bowel (colon) mucosal lining develops chronic inflammation. It affects only the colon and is associated with formation of ulcers. In some cases, only the rectum or lowest most end of the colon is involved and this is called ulcerative proctitis.
The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination of your entire body, particularly the abdomen and the rectum. The skin, mucous membranes, eyes or joints will also be checked to assess for signs of inflammation.
During the colonoscopy, tissue samples of the inflammed colon can be taken for further testing.
In our local Singapore population, UC is uncommon and occurs in six out of every 100,000 individuals.
It is important to understand that UC is a chronic disease but can remain controlled with careful medical attention and ongoing monitoring.
There may be frequent visits to the doctor initially to bring the disease under control. Long-term monitoring is required.