The shoulder is a mobile joint consisting of the scapula or shoulder
blade, and the humerus or arm bone. The joint contains capsulated fluid and is
surrounded by a cuff of tendons called the rotator cuff, which is responsible
for powering various shoulder movements.
Shoulder pain can result from injury or pathology of these various structures.
Patients may also have difficulty moving their shoulders due to stiffness or suffer
from shoulder instability when the shoulders feel dislocated during certain
positions or activities. Outright shoulder dislocation may occur once or
repetitively due to shoulder injury.
Abducting or 'lifting' the shoulder up by the side of the body can
worsen the shoulder pain. In many cases, there may be no history of a specific
trauma to the shoulder because the pain develops slowly over a period of weeks
or months. Wearing certain types of clothing and performing over-the-head
activities or lifting heavy objects may intensify the pain.
The shoulder feels 'frozen', and patients may also experience varying amounts of pain associated with the stiffness.
If shoulder pain, stiffness or instability that is interfering with your daily activities including sports or a recent shoulder injury persists, please consult an orthopaedic surgeon.
It is helpful to make notes of the symptoms, past treatments and medical examinations, including medications and X-rays. During the appointment, the doctor will conduct a comprehensive medical check-up and ask about various aspects of your shoulder, including the following:
The doctor may conduct a thorough shoulder examination and may recommend additional tests, such as X-rays and, in certain cases, an MRI. Blood tests may also be necessary for some patients. Treatment options will be discussed, typically involving a course of physiotherapy and medications. In some cases, surgery may be considered to reconstruct the shoulder joint, with keyhole surgery being a preferred option for sports injuries due to its minimal invasiveness and faster recovery. Surgeons may also recommend an injection into the shoulder to assist in diagnoses or provide immediate relief. This clinic-administered local injection contains a local anaesthetic and a low dose of steroid to provide pain relief and reduce inflammation in the shoulder.
Please refer here for the list of doctors in the Sports, Shoulder and Elbow sub-division