There are various types of scoliosis and causes for spinal curvature. The four main types of scoliosis are:
Scoliosis affects children of all races but is more common in girls than in boys (ratio of 7:1). In Singapore, the prevalence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in schoolgirls is 1.4% at 11 – 12 years of age and 2.2% at 13 - 14 years of age. Thus, the older the child, the higher the prevalence of scoliosis.
Scoliosis cannot be corrected by learning to sit or stand up straight. Food or vitamin supplements and exercise programmes have not been shown to be of value in treating the condition. Although about 10% of all male and female adolescents suffer from scoliosis, less than 1% have curves that require medical attention. Scoliosis can be mild, moderate or severe and treatment may include one or a combination of the following: