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Constipation is a symptom that has different meanings to different people. These include:
This varies from person to person and can be affected by diet.
There are many causes of constipation. These include mechanical causes (structural blockage in the colon), functional causes (no structural blockage in the colon, just a result of how the colon moves) and medical reasons. The most worrisome cause to look out for is cancer.
Yes. The following is a list of medication that can cause constipation. Remember to talk to your doctor about it, do not stop them on your own.
As 80% of people can get temporary constipation that goes away, we recommend that you seek a doctor's advice if the change in bowel habit is persistent (more than 3 weeks) of if there are any warning signs.
Simple measures can include increasing the fibre in your diet, drinking more water. Exercise is good as it stimulates the colon. Sometimes, if the doctor finds that you have incoordination of your 'pooping' muscles (pelvic floor dyssynergia), the physiotherapist can teach you exercises to retrain the muscles.
Sometimes also known as a 'sleepy colon' or a 'lazy colon' or 'inactive colon', it essentially means that the colon moves slow and hence propels the stool in the colon slowly.
Also known as puborectalis paradoxis, non-relaxing puborectalis, pelvic floor dysfunction, it is a discoordination of the 'pooping' muscles. In essence, 'pooping' involves the coordination of several muscles. Your abdominal muscles need to contract and squeeze the stool out, and at the same time, your anal sphincter muscles need to relax and open up to let the stool out and your puborectalis needs to relax and let the kinked rectum straight up so that the stool can pass out easily. In pelvic floor dyssynergia, the puborectalis contracts even more and kinks the rectum further so the stool has more difficulty passing through. Physiotherapy exercises or biofeedback techniques can help you become more aware of the puborectalis, and you can learn to relax the puborectalis during the process of defecation (pooping).
The puborectalis is a muscle, which is part of the pelvic floor, which slings around the rectum and attaches to the pubic bone. Usually when we are doing our everyday stuff, the rectum is kept kinked but the puborectalis so that stool doesn't accidentally slip out. When it's time to have a bowel movement, the puborectalis is supposed to relax, let the rectum straighten out so that stool can pass out easily.